0050

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GTA III Vice City San Andreas GOSUB


Description
Gosub
Syntax
0050: gosub [label]
gosub [label]
Parameter
[label]
The position in the script it will go to, usually identified by a label

This opcode allows the code to jump to a line anywhere in the script. Between that line and a RETURN (0051), this section acts like a simple subroutine. The subroutine is independent of the script that the GOSUB is located. When the code reaches a RETURN, it will jump back to where the GOSUB is located and continues from there. GOSUBs can help dramatically simply repetitive code, and can help make the code cleaner and easier to read for the user. GOSUBs can be nested within GOSUBs (like a Matryoshka doll) but there is a limit of up to 6 nested in each other. Nesting more will crash the game. GOSUBs are also important to the structure of missions.

Example

The following example using Sanny Builder spawns five SWAT members to kill the player at the Washington Mall in Vice City after pressing button 13 (CAMERA key).

const
TEMP_VAR = [email protected]
SWAT_1 = [email protected]
SWAT_2 = [email protected]
SWAT_3 = [email protected]
SWAT_4 = [email protected]
SWAT_5 = [email protected]
HAS_BEEN_SPAWNED = [email protected]
end

var
TEMP_VAR : integer
SWAT_1 : integer
SWAT_2 : integer
SWAT_3 : integer
SWAT_4 : integer
SWAT_5 : integer
end

HAS_BEEN_SPAWNED = false
while true
    wait 10
    if
        00E1:   player 0 pressed_button 13
    then
        while 00E1:   player 0 pressed_button 13
            wait 0
        end
        if
            HAS_BEEN_SPAWNED == true
        then
            009B: destroy_actor_instantly SWAT_1
            009B: destroy_actor_instantly SWAT_2
            009B: destroy_actor_instantly SWAT_3
            009B: destroy_actor_instantly SWAT_4
            009B: destroy_actor_instantly SWAT_5
            01C2: mark_actor_as_no_longer_needed SWAT_1
            01C2: mark_actor_as_no_longer_needed SWAT_2
            01C2: mark_actor_as_no_longer_needed SWAT_3
            01C2: mark_actor_as_no_longer_needed SWAT_4
            01C2: mark_actor_as_no_longer_needed SWAT_5
        end
        HAS_BEEN_SPAWNED = true
        0247: request_model #COLT45
        0247: request_model #SWAT
        038B: load_requested_models
        009A: SWAT_1 = create_actor_pedtype 4 model #SWAT at 18.9999 -928.7729 15.0727
        TEMP_VAR = SWAT_1
        gosub @KILL_PLAYER
        009A: SWAT_2 = create_actor_pedtype 4 model #SWAT at -15.6727 -929.0634 15.066
        TEMP_VAR = SWAT_2
        gosub @KILL_PLAYER
        009A: SWAT_3 = create_actor_pedtype 4 model #SWAT at -10.2667 -937.9695 9.4077
        TEMP_VAR = SWAT_3
        gosub @KILL_PLAYER
        009A: SWAT_4 = create_actor_pedtype 4 model #SWAT at -9.9934 -939.7717 9.4492
        TEMP_VAR = SWAT_4
        gosub @KILL_PLAYER
        009A: SWAT_5 = create_actor_pedtype 4 model #SWAT at -15.225 -949.0593 15.072
        TEMP_VAR = SWAT_5
        gosub @KILL_PLAYER
        0249: release_model #COLT45
        0249: release_model #SWAT
    end
end

:KILL_PLAYER
0291: set_actor TEMP_VAR heed_threats 1
0243: set_actor TEMP_VAR ped_stats_to 16
011A: set_actor TEMP_VAR search_threat 1
01B2: give_actor TEMP_VAR weapon 17 ammo 999
01CA: actor TEMP_VAR kill_player $PLAYER_CHAR
return

Tricks

There are tricks one can use with GOSUB that Rockstar had never employed in their scripts.

Array

See also VC Arrays

The following example for Vice City allows you to display different messages depending on the vehicle you are currently in. The example is limited to the first few vehicles in the CARS section but can be expanded to include all available vehicles in the game.

// set constants
const
PLAYER_CAR = [email protected]
CAR_MODEL = [email protected]
PRINT_ARRAY = [email protected]
PRINT_ARRAY_ELEMENT = [email protected]
end

var
CAR_MODEL : integer
PRINT_ARRAY : integer
PRINT_ARRAY_ELEMENT : integer
end

// determine correct size for each array element
PRINT_ARRAY_ELEMENT = @PRINT_NAME_ARRAY
PRINT_ARRAY_ELEMENT *= -1
PRINT_ARRAY_ELEMENT += @PRINT_NAME_ITEM
while true
    wait 10
    if
        00E0:   player 0 in_any_car
    then
        03C1: PLAYER_CAR = player 0 car_no_save
        0441: CAR_MODEL = car PLAYER_CAR model
        if
            CAR_MODEL < #VOODOO  // for this example, limit to first few vehicles in CARS section
        then
            CAR_MODEL -= #LANDSTAL  // let index of first vehicle be 0
            CAR_MODEL *= PRINT_ARRAY_ELEMENT  // get correct array offset
            PRINT_ARRAY = @PRINT_NAME_ARRAY  // get position of beginning of array
            PRINT_ARRAY += CAR_MODEL  // add array offset to position of beginning of array
            gosub PRINT_ARRAY  // gosub to print text
        end
    end
end

:PRINT_NAME_ARRAY
00BC: text_highpriority 'LANDSTK' 10 ms 1
return
:PRINT_NAME_ITEM
00BC: text_highpriority 'IDAHO' 10 ms 1
return
00BC: text_highpriority 'STINGER' 10 ms 1
return
00BC: text_highpriority 'LINERUN' 10 ms 1
return
00BC: text_highpriority 'PEREN' 10 ms 1
return
00BC: text_highpriority 'SENTINL' 10 ms 1
return
00BC: text_highpriority 'RIO' 10 ms 1
return
00BC: text_highpriority 'FIRETRK' 10 ms 1
return
00BC: text_highpriority 'TRASHM' 10 ms 1
return
00BC: text_highpriority 'STRETCH' 10 ms 1
return
00BC: text_highpriority 'MANANA' 10 ms 1
return
00BC: text_highpriority 'INFERNS' 10 ms 1
return

Keywords

jump, goto, gosub, subroutine, label